Federal DUI Law: Defenses for Cases in National Parks

Feature Article

The Ins and Outs of Federal DUI Law in National Parks

Picture the scene: you're on vacation in a national park, enjoying the stunning scenery, and decide to take a drive. Perhaps you've had a glass of wine with dinner, and you're feeling perfectly fine to operate the vehicle. However, if you're caught driving under the influence (DUI) in a national park, you could find yourself facing federal charges. So, what's the deal with federal DUI laws in national parks, and how do you defend yourself if you're facing charges?

The Basics: Federal DUI Charges and Penalties

To put it simply, a DUI charge in a national park falls under federal jurisdiction, rather than state. This means that you could be charged with a federal offense, and the penalties for a federal DUI can be severe. For example, first-time offenders can face up to six months in jail and a fine of $5,000. The penalties increase for subsequent offenses and can include a lengthy prison sentence and a hefty fine.

What Makes a Federal DUI Different from a State DUI Charge?

One of the main differences between a federal DUI charge and a state charge is the location of the offense. As we've already established, a DUI in a national park falls under federal jurisdiction. But why is this? The answer lies in the fact that national parks are federal land and are therefore subject to federal laws. However, it's worth noting that state DUI laws can still apply within national parks under certain circumstances, such as when driving on a public road within the park boundaries.

Who Can Charge You with a Federal DUI?

So, who has the power to charge you with a federal DUI if you're caught driving under the influence in a national park? Generally speaking, law enforcement rangers within the national park have the authority to arrest individuals for DUI offenses. However, other federal agencies, such as the National Park Service or the U.S. Forest Service, may also be involved, depending on the location of the offense.

Defenses for Federal DUI Cases in National Parks

If you're facing a federal DUI charge in a national park, you may be wondering what your defense options are. There are several potential defenses that your lawyer may be able to use, including challenging the legality of the stop, questioning the accuracy of the field sobriety tests, and disputing the results of a breathalyzer or blood test.

Are Crimes in National Parks Treated Differently Than Those Outside the Parks?

It's not just DUI offenses that are treated differently within national parks; other crimes can also result in federal charges. In general, crimes committed within national parks fall under federal jurisdiction, which means that federal agencies will investigate and prosecute these offenses. This can also impact the sentencing for these crimes, as federal penalties tend to be more severe than state penalties for similar offenses.

What National Parks in Arizona Could I Be Charged with a Federal DUI?

If you're planning a trip to Arizona and want to avoid any potential federal DUI charges, it's important to know which national parks in the state could land you in hot water. Some of the national parks in Arizona where federal DUI charges may apply include the Grand Canyon, Petrified Forest, and Saguaro National Parks.


A federal DUI charge in a national park can be a daunting prospect, with potentially severe penalties if convicted. However, working with an experienced defense attorney who understands federal law and the particularities of national park offenses can help you build a strong defense and achieve the best possible outcome in your case. If you're facing federal DUI charges in a national park, don't hesitate to reach out to a qualified attorney today.

Federal DUI Law: Defenses for Cases in National Parks

Arizona's First and Second-Degree Murder - Understanding the Differences

Feature Article

When we read the phrase “first-degree murder,” we immediately perceive it as one of the gravest offense a person could commit, and indeed, that's the case. In Arizona, first-degree murder is considered a class 1 felony, carrying a severe punishment of life in prison without the possibility of parole or punishable by death. However, not all murders fall under the same category. There are differences between first and second-degree murder, and knowing these differences could mean the difference between someone going free and someone being sentenced to life in prison.

What is First-Degree Murder?

First-degree murder is the most severe form of murder that exists under the law. Prosecutors can press for this charge when they believe that the perpetrator has killed someone intentionally and with premeditation, and when the killing fits a more detailed legal definition. For a murder to be considered first-degree, the perpetrator must have conducted some planning or forethought before the act of killing took place. This planning could include, for example, attempting to acquire a weapon, tracking and studying the victim's movements, among others.

What is Second-Degree Murder?

On the other hand, second-degree murder involves intentionally causing the death of another person without premeditation, meaning without prior planning. Since the defendant did not plan or premeditate the murder, the charge is less severe than first-degree murder. While it can result in a long prison sentence, the consequences of a second-degree murder charge are overall less severe than a first-degree murder charge.

What are the Main Differences Between First and Second Degree Murder?

The primary difference between first and second-degree murder is the presence of premeditation. Prosecutors can only charge a defendant with first-degree murder if they can prove that the suspect intentionally caused a person's death and had planned the murder beforehand. In contrast, second-degree murder does not require this aspect of premeditation. Instead, the prosecution must prove that the defendant intentionally killed someone, but did not have any prior plan.

When is Manslaughter Applicable?

When a person kills another without malice, they can be charged with manslaughter. In Arizona, manslaughter is a class 2 felony and is punishable by up to 12.5 years in prison. Manslaughter occurs in instances where the perpetrator had no intention of killing the victim, and the killing results of unintentional actions such as reckless driving or a fight that gets out of hand.

What is the Punishment for First and Second Degree Murder in Arizona?

As previously stated, first-degree murder is classified as a class 1 felony and carries a sentence of either life in prison without the possibility for parole or the death penalty. Second-degree murder is classified as a class 2 felony and is punishable by up to 22 years in prison.

What is the Difference between Murder vs Homicide?

Homicide is the act of one person killing another. It is an umbrella term for killing a person and includes acts outside of murder, such as manslaughter. Murder is a form of criminal homicide, differentiated by the perpetrator's intent. To convict someone of murder, the prosecutors must prove someone intended to kill another person, and if that proof doesn't exist, the charge will be reduced to manslaughter.

In Conclusion, Know Your Rights

If you find yourself facing homicide charges in Arizona or any other state, don't panic. You have the right to a fair trial and the right to defend yourself. Being charged with murder is a serious matter, and you should seek the help of a qualified and experienced criminal defense attorney. They can assess your case and explore your defense options, including negotiating a plea agreement or taking your case to trial.

First-Second-degree murder in Arizona

Boating DUIs: Understanding the Use of Field Sobriety Tests in Arizona's Checkpoints

The Importance of Field Sobriety Tests in Boating DUI Cases

Arizona, like many other states, has strict laws against driving under the influence (DUI). However, many people may not realize that these laws also apply to boating under the influence (BUI). Boating while intoxicated can be just as dangerous as drunk driving and can have severe consequences. In fact, in Arizona, the penalties for a BUI conviction are similar to those for a DUI conviction. So, what happens when someone is suspected of boating under the influence? This is where field sobriety tests come in.

What Are Field Sobriety Tests?

Field sobriety tests (FSTs) are a series of tests that law enforcement officers use to evaluate drivers and boaters suspected of being under the influence of drugs or alcohol. These tests are designed to measure a person's cognitive and physical abilities to see if they are impaired. There are three standardized FSTs that police officers use in Arizona:

  • Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus: A test where the officer will hold an object (usually a pen or finger) about 12-15 inches away from the suspect's face and move it back and forth while looking for an involuntary jerking of the eyes.
  • Walk-and-Turn: A test where the suspect must take nine steps in a straight line, turn on one foot, and return in the opposite direction.
  • One-Leg Stand: A test where the suspect must stand on one foot while counting out loud for 30 seconds.

Using FSTs in Boating DUI Cases

In Arizona, law enforcement agencies have the authority to set up boating DUI checkpoints, similar to roadside sobriety checkpoints, to combat and deter Operating Under the Influence (OUI) offenses on waterways. These checkpoints are designed to systematically check boaters for signs of intoxication and are legally upheld under guidelines that ensure they are conducted fairly. If an officer suspects that a boater is under the influence of drugs or alcohol, they can ask the boater to perform field sobriety tests.

Field sobriety tests can be challenging to perform for anyone, even if they are sober. Some medical conditions or environmental factors, such as poor lighting or uneven ground, can affect an individual's ability to perform well on the tests. However, if the officer deems that the suspect fails the FSTs, they can make an arrest and submit a report to the court. The court will then determine if there is enough evidence to charge the boater with a BUI.

The Importance of FSTs in BUI Cases

Field sobriety tests play a critical role in BUI cases because they provide objective evidence of a boater's impairment. Unlike DUI cases, where breathalyzers and blood tests can be used to determine a driver's blood alcohol content (BAC), there is no equivalent test for boating under the influence. Even if a boater has a BAC below the legal limit of 0.08%, they can still be charged with a BUI if they are impaired by drugs or alcohol.

Without the use of FSTs, it would be challenging for law enforcement to prosecute BUI cases successfully. The officer's observations and testimony would not be sufficient to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the boater was under the influence. FSTs provide an objective way to determine if a boater's ability to operate a vessel was impaired, and are therefore crucial in helping to keep waterways safe.

Consequences of a BUI Conviction

The consequences of a BUI conviction can be severe and long-lasting. In Arizona, a first-time offender can face up to six months in jail, a fine of up to $2,500, and a suspension of their boating privileges for up to two years. These penalties increase for subsequent offenses. Additionally, a BUI conviction can result in a criminal record that can impact future employment opportunities and other aspects of a person's life.

Final Thoughts

Field sobriety tests are an essential tool that law enforcement officers use to keep waterways safe and deter boating under the influence. While FSTs can be challenging to perform, they provide objective evidence of impairment that is necessary to prosecute BUI cases. If you have been charged with a BUI in Arizona, be sure to seek the guidance of a qualified attorney who can help navigate the legal system and protect your rights.

Boating DUI Field Sobriety Tests - Arizona Lake

Summer Break Custody and Visitation Schedules in Arizona: A Guide for Parents

Feature Article

Summer Break Custody and Visitation Schedules: The Importance of Planning and Communication

Summer is a time for relaxation, exploration, and bonding with loved ones. For children of divorce, however, this time can be stressful and confusing. Custody and visitation schedules need to be adjusted, plans need to be made, and parents need to communicate effectively to ensure that the summer break is a fulfilling experience for everyone involved. This feature article will explore the importance of planning and communication in creating successful summer break custody and visitation schedules.

The Legal Guidelines for Summer Break Custody and Visitation

In Arizona, the legal guidelines for summer break custody and visitation are set forth in ARS § 25-403.02 and ARS § 25-403.03. These laws state that parents must make a good faith effort to come up with a custody and visitation schedule that allows the child to have substantial and meaningful time with both parents. This includes making arrangements for school breaks and vacation time. Parents must also notify each other of any changes to the schedule in a timely manner. If the parents cannot agree on a schedule, the court will step in and make a determination based on what is in the best interests of the child.

The Benefits of Planning Ahead

Planning ahead is the key to creating a successful summer break custody and visitation schedule. Parents should try to anticipate potential problems and come up with solutions before they arise. This includes coordinating vacation time, scheduling activities, and agreeing on any changes to the regular custody and visitation schedule. By planning ahead, parents can minimize conflict and ensure that the child's needs are met. It is also important to consult with a family law expert to clarify any legal concerns and ensure that the schedule adheres to the letter and spirit of the law.

The Importance of Communication

Effective communication is essential to creating a summer break custody and visitation schedule that works for everyone. Parents should keep each other informed of any changes to their plans and be willing to make reasonable accommodations. Children should also be included in the communication process, as they may have their own preferences for how they want to spend their vacation time. Open lines of communication can also help to avoid misunderstandings and foster positive relationships between parents and children.

The Role of Flexibility

Flexibility is another important factor in creating a successful summer break custody and visitation schedule. Parents should be willing to adjust their schedules as needed to accommodate unexpected events or changes in circumstances. This may include adjusting the length or timing of visits, or swapping weekends to allow each parent to attend important events. By being flexible, parents can ensure that the child's needs are met and that everyone has an enjoyable summer break.

The Impact on Children

The impact of summer break custody and visitation schedules on children should not be underestimated. Children may feel stressed, confused, or anxious about spending time with both parents in different locations. By creating a comprehensive schedule with the child's best interests in mind, parents can minimize these negative feelings and promote a sense of stability and security. Children should also be encouraged to communicate openly with both parents and be given the freedom to express their opinions and preferences. By involving children in the decision-making process, parents can help to foster positive relationships and create a sense of empowerment.

The Benefits of Professional Guidance

Consulting with a family law expert can be highly beneficial when creating a summer break custody and visitation schedule. An experienced attorney can provide guidance on legal issues and help to ensure that the schedule is comprehensive and meets all legal requirements. They can also provide advice on how to communicate effectively with the other parent and promote positive relationships with the child. By working with a family law expert, parents can create a successful summer break custody and visitation schedule that works for everyone.

The Bottom Line

Creating a successful summer break custody and visitation schedule requires planning, communication, and flexibility. By adhering to legal guidelines, anticipating potential problems, and communicating effectively with each other and their child, parents can ensure that the summer break is a positive and fulfilling experience for everyone involved. Consulting with a family law expert can further help to clarify rights and responsibilities, ensuring that both the spirit and the letter of the law are followed. By taking these steps, parents can maximize the benefits of vacation time without unnecessary conflict.

Summer Break Custody and Visitation Schedules: Arizona Family Law-Summer,Visitation


Filing Taxes During a Divorce in Arizona

Feature Article: Navigating Tax Filing During Divorce in Arizona

Divorce can be an emotionally and financially overwhelming process, and filing taxes during this time may only add to the stress. It's important to understand how divorce impacts taxes and what steps to take to ensure compliance with the law while also taking advantage of potential tax benefits. In this feature article, we'll explore the intricacies of filing taxes during a divorce in Arizona and provide helpful tips to ease the process.

The Impact of Divorce on Tax Filing

When a marriage ends, so does the ability to file taxes jointly. Once a divorce is finalized, each individual is considered unmarried for the entire tax year if the divorce is completed by December 31. The individuals must then file as "Single" or, if they qualify, "Head of Household."

Understanding "Head of Household" Status

Filing as "Head of Household" offers several benefits over the "Single" status, such as lower tax rates and a higher standard deduction. To qualify for "Head of Household" status, you must have paid more than half of the household expenses for the year and have a qualifying dependent live with you for more than half the year.

Considering Child Support and Alimony Payments

Child support and alimony payments are two types of financial support payments that can have an impact on tax filing. Child support payments are not tax-deductible, and the recipient of the payments does not have to report them as income. In contrast, alimony payments are tax-deductible for the payor and must be reported as income by the payee.

Maximizing Tax Savings with a Qualified Domestic Relations Order (QDRO)

A QDRO is a legal document that outlines how retirement benefits will be divided in a divorce. If you're awarded a portion of your ex-spouse's qualified retirement plan, such as a 401(k), you can receive the funds in a tax-free transfer through a QDRO. Without a QDRO, the transfer could incur taxes and penalties.

Realizing Potential Deductions and Credits

Divorce can result in new tax deductions and credits for each individual. For example, if you became the sole owner of your home during the divorce, you may be eligible for the mortgage interest deduction and property tax deduction. Additionally, if you have children, you may be eligible for the Child Tax Credit, the Child and Dependent Care Credit, or the Earned Income Tax Credit.

Considering the Timing of Your Divorce Settlement

The timing of your divorce settlement can affect your tax filing status and potential benefits. If your divorce is still pending as the end of the tax year approaches, you may be able to file jointly one last time with your soon-to-be ex-spouse. Alternatively, if your settlement is reached early in the tax year, you may have a full year to take advantage of any possible tax deductions or credits as a single or head of household filer.

Seeking Professional Assistance

Divorce and tax filings can be complex, and it's wise to seek the assistance of a qualified tax professional. They can help you navigate the tax implications of your divorce and ensure you're taking advantage of all possible deductions and credits.

Although divorce can be a stressful and confusing process, proper tax planning and preparation can help ease the burden. By understanding the impact of divorce on tax filing and taking the appropriate steps, you can maximize potential tax benefits while remaining compliant with the law.


Uncontested vs Contested Divorce in Arizona: Understanding the Differences and Timeframes

The Pros and Cons of Uncontested Divorce in Arizona Vs Contested Divorce

Divorce is a difficult process that can affect many aspects of your life. It can be long, expensive, and emotionally draining, especially if the case ends up in court. In Arizona, there are two types of divorce: contested and uncontested. Depending on your particular situation, one type of divorce may be a better fit for you than the other. In this article, we will explore the pros and cons of uncontested divorce in Arizona vs contested divorce to help you decide which option is best for you.

What is Uncontested Divorce?

Uncontested divorce occurs when both parties agree on all the terms of the divorce, including division of assets and debts, alimony, child support, and child custody. This type of divorce usually takes less time and is less expensive than a contested divorce. Because both parties agree on the terms, there is less need for litigation, which can save time and money. Uncontested divorce can also be less stressful and emotionally draining than a contested divorce.

Advantages of Uncontested Divorce

1. Faster and Cheaper

Uncontested divorce is usually faster and less expensive than a contested divorce. Since both parties agree on all the terms, there is no need for court hearings or a trial. Furthermore, uncontested divorces can usually be completed in a shorter amount of time, which can save you significantly on legal fees.

2. More Control

With uncontested divorce, both parties have control over the divorce agreement. This means that you and your spouse can negotiate the terms and come to an agreement that is fair to both parties. You won't have to rely on a judge to make decisions for you.

3. Less Stressful

Uncontested divorce can be less stressful than a contested divorce. Since both parties agree on the terms, there is less need for litigation and court hearings. This can make the divorce process less emotionally draining and less acrimonious.

Disadvantages of Uncontested Divorce

1. May Not be Possible

Uncontested divorce may not be possible if both parties are unable to agree on the terms of the divorce. If there are contentious issues such as child custody or division of substantial assets, it may be difficult to reach an agreement.

2. No Advocacy

With uncontested divorce, you may not have an advocate in court. While you can negotiate the terms of the divorce with your spouse, your attorney may not be able to represent you in court and fight for your rights or interests. This may be a disadvantage if you feel that you have been treated unfairly.

3. Risk of Disputes

Even if both parties agree on the terms of the divorce, there is still a risk of disputes in the future. If one party fails to comply with the terms of the agreement, the other party may have to go back to court to enforce the agreement.

What is Contested Divorce?

Contested divorce occurs when the parties cannot agree on the terms of the divorce. This type of divorce can be more time-consuming and expensive than uncontested divorce since it often involves litigation and court appearances. In a contested divorce, the court will make decisions about the terms of the divorce if the parties are unable to agree.

Advantages of Contested Divorce

1. Advocate in Court

In a contested divorce, you have an advocate in court. Your attorney can represent you and fight for your rights and interests in court. This can be an advantage if you feel that you have been treated unfairly or if you want to protect your assets or your relationship with your children.

2. Court Makes Decisions

If the parties cannot agree on the terms of the divorce, the court will make decisions about the terms of the divorce. This can be an advantage if you feel that your spouse is not negotiating in good faith or if you want to protect your interests.

3. Less Risk of Disputes

Since the terms of the divorce are decided by the court, there is less risk of disputes in the future. This can provide more certainty and stability in the long term.

Disadvantages of Contested Divorce

1. More Expensive

Contested divorces are usually more expensive than uncontested divorces. Since they often involve litigation and court appearances, legal fees can quickly add up.

2. Longer Process

Contested divorces can take much longer than uncontested divorces. Since they involve court hearings and a trial, they can take several months or even years to complete. This can be emotionally draining and stressful for both parties.

3. More Acrimonious

Contested divorces can be more acrimonious than uncontested divorces. Since the parties cannot agree on the terms, they may become adversarial and confrontational during the divorce process. This can make the process more stressful and emotionally draining for both parties.

Uncontested Divorce vs Contested Divorce: Which is Right for You?

Deciding which type of divorce is right for you depends on your particular situation. If you and your spouse are able to agree on the terms of the divorce, uncontested divorce may be a better fit for you. This can save you time, money, and stress. However, if you are unable to agree on the terms of the divorce, contested divorce may be necessary. This can provide you with an advocate in court and protect your interests.

To learn more about uncontested divorce in Arizona vs contested divorce, visit De Novo Law, PLLC.


Intoxication as a Legal Defense in Arizona: Understanding the Differences between Voluntary and Involuntary Intoxication

Investigative Article: Involuntary v. Voluntary Intoxication as a Criminal Defense in Arizona

Imagine walking out of a bar in a blur and waking up in a police cell. This scenario may seem unrealistic to some, but unfortunately, it is not uncommon. Involuntary intoxication is a phenomenon that affects many people, and it can have severe legal consequences.

What is Involuntary Intoxication?

Involuntary intoxication is a state in which an individual becomes intoxicated without intending or knowing that the substance consumed would cause intoxication. This state may arise due to prescribed medication, ingestion of contaminated food or drink, or unintended reactions to legal substances.

When someone becomes involuntarily intoxicated and commits a crime, the concept of criminal responsibility comes into question. Is the person responsible for their actions while under the influence of an involuntary substance? Can intoxication be a defense to committing a crime in Arizona?

Arizona Law on Intoxication Defense

Under Arizona law, a distinction is made between involuntary and voluntary intoxication. It is essential to understand this difference because the defenses available to each are different.

Voluntary intoxication is when an individual knowingly and willingly consumes an intoxicating substance. Under Arizona law, voluntary intoxication is not an excuse for committing a crime. However, in certain circumstances, it may affect the degree of the crime or the sentence imposed.

On the other hand, involuntary intoxication is not the fault of the individual. Therefore, if one commits a crime while under the influence of an involuntary substance, it may be a valid defense. To use involuntary intoxication as a defense, the individual must prove that they did not know or intend to consume an intoxicating substance.

The Case of Involuntary Intoxication in Arizona

An example of the application of involuntary intoxication as a defense can be seen in the State of Arizona v. Leverington case. In this case, the defendant was found guilty of homicide after shooting and killing a man while he was playing with a loaded firearm. The defendant claimed that he was involuntarily intoxicated due to consuming contaminated moonshine. The court ruled that the defendant's involuntary intoxication was a valid defense, which exculpated him from criminal responsibility.

The Leverington case illustrates the importance of understanding the distinction between involuntary and voluntary intoxication and their use as defenses in criminal proceedings.

Limitations of Involuntary Intoxication as a Defense

It is essential to note that not all types of involuntary intoxication are valid defenses. In Arizona, involuntary intoxication is only a valid defense if the substance ingested was not a common substance meant for consumption. Therefore, if an individual unknowingly consumes an intoxicating substance that is meant for consumption, such as alcohol or drugs, then involuntary intoxication is not a valid defense.

Furthermore, voluntary intoxication is not only a defense for the individual accused of committing a crime but can also serve as an aggravating factor that enhances the sentence imposed upon conviction.


Involuntary intoxication is a complex issue that affects many individuals in Arizona. The distinction between voluntary and involuntary intoxication under Arizona law is crucial in determining the availability of the intoxication defense and its limitations.

While involuntary intoxication may serve as a valid defense in certain circumstances, it is not a blanket defense. Therefore, individuals accused of committing a crime while under the influence of an involuntary substance should contact a criminal defense attorney experienced in handling intoxication cases.

Involuntary Intoxication in Arizona-Intoxication,Voluntary

Defenses to Arizona's Reckless Driving Law (ARS 28-693)

Feature Article: Understanding Arizona's Reckless Driving Law

Introduction: The Consequences of Reckless Driving

We've all seen it on the road: drivers who speed, weave through traffic, and ignore traffic signs and signals. But reckless driving isn't just a minor mistake or misjudgment – it's a pattern or instance of driving behavior that endangers the safety of others. In Arizona, reckless driving is defined under Arizona Revised Statutes (ARS) 28-693. This law specifically states that reckless driving is the operation of a vehicle with a reckless disregard for the safety of persons or property. If convicted of reckless driving, a driver can face serious consequences, including fines and even jail time.

Understanding Arizona's Reckless Driving Law

According to ARS 28-693, there are several types of driving behaviors that can be considered reckless. These include speeding excessively, weaving through traffic aggressively, ignoring traffic signals and signs, and engaging in dangerous maneuvers without regard for potential consequences. It's important to note that reckless driving is not just a single driving error or misjudgment – it's a clear pattern or instance of dangerous behavior that puts others at risk. If you are convicted of reckless driving in Arizona, the penalties can be severe. Under ARS 28-693, reckless driving is considered a Class 2 misdemeanor. This means that you could face fines of up to $750, up to four months in jail, and a suspension of your driver's license for up to 90 days. Additionally, a reckless driving conviction will stay on your record and could impact your ability to get a job or secure car insurance in the future.

Defenses to ARS 28-693

If you are facing a reckless driving charge in Arizona, it's important to understand the potential defenses that may be available to you. One possible defense is to argue that your driving behavior did not meet the legal definition of reckless driving. If your actions were not a clear pattern or instance of dangerous behavior, it may be possible to have your charges reduced or dismissed. Another potential defense is to argue that you were not aware of the potential consequences of your actions. For example, if you were driving in a way that was dangerous, but you did not realize that your behavior could be considered reckless driving, your attorney may be able to argue that you did not have the requisite mental state to be found guilty of the offense.

Hiring an Attorney for Your Reckless Driving Case

If you're facing a reckless driving charge in Arizona, it's important to seek the advice of an experienced criminal defense attorney. A skilled attorney can help you understand the potential consequences of your charges, evaluate the evidence against you, and develop a strong defense strategy. In some cases, an attorney may be able to negotiate with prosecutors to have your charges reduced or dismissed, or to secure alternative sentencing options that minimize the impact of your reckless driving conviction.


Reckless driving is a serious offense in Arizona, with potentially severe consequences for those convicted. If you're facing a reckless driving charge, it's important to understand the legal definition of the offense, the potential defenses that may be available to you, and the importance of hiring an experienced criminal defense attorney to represent you. With the right legal guidance, you can protect your rights, minimize the impact of your charges, and move forward with your life. Reckless Driving in Arizona Defenses to ARS 28-693-.


Do You Have an Arrest Warrant in Arizona? Here's Why You Need to Check Now.

The Importance of Checking for Arrest Warrants in Arizona

Imagine being pulled over for a minor traffic violation in Arizona, but instead of receiving a ticket, you're arrested for an outstanding warrant you didn't even know existed. For many people, this scenario is not a hypothetical but a terrifying reality. Having an arrest warrant in Arizona can have serious legal, financial, and professional consequences, making it essential to check for outstanding warrants regularly. In this article, we'll explore the reasons why it's crucial to check for arrest warrants in Arizona and how to do so.

The Risks of Having an Outstanding Warrant

Having an outstanding warrant in Arizona can lead to serious consequences, both legal and personal. Here are some of the potential risks:

1. Arrest and Incarceration

The most obvious risk of having an outstanding warrant is that you can be arrested and taken to jail at any time. Many people are unaware of the warrant until they are stopped by law enforcement for an unrelated reason, such as a traffic stop. Once the warrant is discovered, you can be taken into custody and held until you post bail or appear in court. This scenario can be particularly challenging if it occurs during working hours or while you're caring for dependents.

2. Financial Consequences

If you don't address an outstanding warrant promptly, the fines and fees can add up quickly. Additionally, certain offenses may result in a suspended driver's license, meaning you won't be able to drive to work or school legally until the warrant is resolved. Furthermore, the warrant could negatively affect your credit, as well as future job and housing opportunities if it appears on a background check.

3. Travel Restrictions

Having an outstanding warrant can restrict your ability to travel domestically or internationally. If you attempt to board a plane, the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) will likely flag you due to the warrant, and you may be ineligible for a passport or visa until the warrant is resolved.

4. Emotional Cloud Hanging Over You

Knowing you have an outstanding warrant can weigh heavily on your mind, causing stress and anxiety. It's difficult to focus on work, school, or family when you're worried about the possibility of being arrested at any moment. By taking the necessary steps to clear up an outstanding warrant, you can alleviate this burden and move forward with your life.

How to Check for Outstanding Warrants in Arizona

The good news is that checking for arrest warrants in Arizona is relatively straightforward. Here are some of the methods:

1. Arizona Judicial Branch Public Access Case Lookup

The Arizona Judicial Branch Public Access Case Lookup allows you to search for court cases using a person's name or case number, including outstanding warrants. All you need is the person's full name and date of birth or case number, and the website will display any open cases, including active warrants.

2. County Sheriff's Office Website

Most county sheriff's offices have a website that allows you to search for outstanding warrants using a person's name or other identifying information. You can start by searching for the sheriff's office website in the county where you were arrested or where you believe the warrant was issued. Once you find the website, look for a "warrants" or "most wanted" section, where you can search for warrants using the person's name or other details.

3. Contacting the Court or Law Enforcement Agency

If you're unable to find information online, you can contact the court or law enforcement agency directly. You'll need to provide your name and other identifying information, and they should be able to inform you if there are any outstanding warrants in your name.

4. Hiring an Attorney

If you're unsure how to proceed or believe that you may be facing serious charges, it may be best to hire an attorney. An attorney can help determine if there are any outstanding warrants against you and guide you through the process of resolving them. An attorney can also represent you in court and negotiate on your behalf if necessary.

The Bottom Line

Having an outstanding warrant in Arizona can have serious consequences, from arrest and imprisonment to financial fines and professional setbacks. By checking for arrest warrants regularly and addressing them promptly, you can avoid these risks and move forward with your life.

If you're looking for more information on outstanding warrants in Arizona, visit chmlaw.com. Their experienced attorneys can help you navigate the legal system and guide you through the process of resolving an outstanding warrant.


Understanding Drunk and Disorderly Conduct in Arizona Law

Investigative Article: The Consequences and Legal Ramifications of Drunk and Disorderly Conduct under Arizona Law

One summer night, John Adams and his friends decided to hit the bars in town for an all-night drinking binge. As they stumbled out of the last bar, completely intoxicated and rowdy, they drew the attention of the police. Next thing John knew, he was booked in jail for drunk and disorderly conduct under Arizona law. Adams learned the hard way that drinking irresponsibly carries severe consequences and legal ramifications that can change the course of one's life.

What is Drunk and Disorderly Conduct under Arizona Law?

Drunk and disorderly conduct, also known as disturbing the peace, generally refers to a situation where a person's behavior is boisterous, disruptive, or likely to cause public alarm, annoyance, or inconvenience. Under Arizona law, a person is guilty of disorderly conduct if they intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly:

  • Engage in fighting, violence, or threatening behavior
  • Make unreasonable noise or offensive coarse utterances or gestures
  • Disturb the peace and quiet of others by creating a hazardous or physically offensive condition by any act that serves no legitimate purpose
  • Refuse to obey a lawful order to disperse issued by a law enforcement officer under circumstances where the person's conduct is intended to cause or provoke a physical altercation

The law also specifies that disorderly conduct under a particular category is a class 1 misdemeanor that carries severe legal and social repercussions.

The Consequences of Drunk and Disorderly Conduct under Arizona Law

If convicted of drunk and disorderly conduct in Arizona, a person could face the following consequences:

  • Fines and court fees: Disorderly conduct is penalized with a fine of up to $2,500 plus court fees.
  • Probation and community service: A person may be placed on probation for up to two years and may be required to complete community service as part of their sentence.
  • Criminal record: A conviction for disorderly conduct is added to the person's criminal record, which can damage their reputation and employment opportunities.
  • Imprisonment: Disorderly conduct may result in a maximum sentence of six months in jail.
  • Limited firearm rights: A conviction for disorderly conduct may result in the loss of one's right to own or possess a firearm.

Legal Defenses for Drunk and Disorderly Conduct Charges

There are several defenses available to a person facing drunk and disorderly conduct charges in Arizona. These include:

  • Fighting words defense: If a person's conduct was instigated by another person's verbal threats or offensive language, they may use this defense to show that their actions were a natural response to the other person's behavior.
  • Mistaken identity: A person may use this defense if they were mistakenly identified by law enforcement as the person engaged in disorderly conduct.
  • Self-defense: A person may use self-defense as a legal defense if they were attacked or threatened and had to engage in disorderly conduct to protect themselves.
  • Lack of intent: A person may use this defense if their actions were accidental and not intentionally disorderly in nature.

Hiring an Experienced Criminal Defense Attorney

If you or a loved one is charged with drunk and disorderly conduct under Arizona law, it is essential to seek the help of an experienced criminal defense attorney. A skilled attorney will assess your case's facts, identify legal defenses, and help you navigate the complex legal process to increase your likelihood of achieving a favorable outcome.

Drunk and disorderly conduct charges may seem like minor offenses, but they carry severe criminal and social consequences that can change your life's course. Don't face these charges alone. Seek the help of a qualified criminal defense attorney today.

Drunk and Disorderly Conduct in Arizona-